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The Churchill Society
London.

I should be unworthy of your confidence and generosity
if I did not still cry:
Forward, unflinching, unswerving, indomitable,
till the whole task is done and the whole world is safe and clean.

Winston Churchill.

Schools

WHO WAS CHURCHILL?

CHRONOLOGY

THE MAIN INDEX

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1939. 1940. 1941. 1942. 1943. 1944. 1945.

Monthly calendar of events during January and April 1942.

1942.

January 1942.

 

Roosevelt and Churchill

Roosevelt and Churchill

1st

Sales of new trucks and cars banned in US.

8th

Red Army push Germans back in the Crimea

13th

700 Jews deported from Lodz in Poland to Chelmno death camp, the first of 10,000 for "resettlement".

17th

North Africa. The Axis base of Halfaya is taken with 5,500 prisoners.

20th.

 

Singapore

Churchill orders that Singapore be converted into a citadel and defended to the death.

Japanese take New Guinea and the Solomon Islands.

30th.

Evacuation of nearly 500,000 citizens begins in Leningrad.

German and Italian Troops take Benghazi.

26th

German troops recapture Msus in Libya destroying the British Second Armoured Brigade.

28th

SS General Frans Schlecker, commander in the Baltic states reports to Berlin he has killed 229,052 Jews.

29th.

"I offer no excuses"

Churchill wins vote of confidence in the House of Commons, 464 votes to 1

House of Commons

30th

Hitler says the result of this war will be the complete annihilation of the Jews..."the most evil universal enemy of all time will be finished".

20th

 

Nazi Gas Ovens

Over lunch today followed by brandy and coffee in the beautiful surroundings of the villa Grossen Wannsee, Reinhardt Hydrich announced plans for the total extermination of all Jews.

There are people in every country capable of such evil deeds.

 

February 1942.

1st.

German tobacco rationing starts. Women receive only half the male allowance.

Beaverbrook becomes Minister of War Production.

9th.

Japanese invade Singapore.

14th

Japanese invade Summatra.

15th.

 

Total destruction of Malta Dockyards

Total destruction of Malta Dockyards

Two merchant ships in convoy to Malta sunk

21st.

British coal miners exempt from soap rationing.

Rangoon evacuated.

19th.

Canada introduces military conscription.

20th.

German casualties in Russia 199,448 dead, 708,351 wounded, 44,342 missing and 112,627 cases of severe frostbite.

23rd

US gives USSR 1000 million dollar loan.

Padre

Sir Arthur Harris takes over as head of RAF Bomber Command.

24th

764 Rumanian Jewish refugees heading for Palestine drown in the Black Sea when Soviet submarine sinks their ship.

26th

British government outlines building plan to provide cheap housing for all after the war.

28th

10,000 Jews from Lodz were gassed at Chelmno and 4,618 Jews died of starvation in Warsaw ghetto.

13 Allied Warships reported sunk in Pacific.

 

General Sir Harold Alexander

General Sir Harold Alexander.
C in C of Middle East Forces.

The quality of military leadership amongst the Allies was outstanding during the Second World War and reflected back the quality of the Allies political leadership.

March 1942.

British commando raid to destroy German Radio Beacons in Le Havre.

2nd

Germans shoot dead 5000 Jews in Minsk (USSR)

3rd

New Lancaster bomber begins operations.

100.000 American Japanese 'evacuated' from the West Coast.

Chelmno in Poland. 3,200 Jews from Zychlin gassed.

4th

3000 Jews massacred in Baranowicze in Russia.

5th.

Conscription extended in Britain to men aged 45 and women up to 30.

6th

 

Malta still under siege. HMS Eagle delivers 15 Spitfires.

Spitfire

 

10th

Britain's war spending reaches £9,050 million exceeding the cost of the entire first world war.

11th

Resistance fighters in France claim they have killed 250 Germans blowing up a train

Maximum sentence for black marketeering increased to 14 years penal servitude.

13th

RAF send 251 bombers to attack Essen.

Second Nazi death camp opens in Belzec in Poland with 6000 Jews.

15th

German casualties in the East reach 250,000 so far this year.

16th

1600 Jews deported to Belzec, the second camp after Chelmno designed purely for the extermination of Jews.

Mountbatten and Mac Arthur

Mountbatten and MacArthur

MacArthur appointed Chief of Allied Staff in Far East.

20th

Allied soldiers attack Benghazi to divert access attention of Maltese convoy.

26th

 

St Paul's Cathedral

RAF fought off 5 big Luftwaffe attacks in 48 hours.

 

27th.

First 999 Slovakian Jewesses arrive in Auschwitz.

28th.

Hitler orders all Jewish homes to be clearly marked.

31st

Congress party demands immediate independence in Delhi.

April 1942.

4th

Hitler orders raids on British historic towns as revenge for bombing of Lubeck.

Germans retreat from Kharkov.

8th

272 RAF bombers raid Hamburg.

17th

Gestapo reports increase in anti-Nazi graffiti in Dortmund and other Rhienland industrial areas.

20th

US carrier Wasp delivers 46 Spitfires to Malta, of which 30 are immediately destroyed by Luftwaffe.

Laval broadcasts to French people that Russia must not be allowed to win war and calls for closer co-operation with Germany.

21st

Germans shoot 20 French hostages for complicity in the Resistance.

26th

 

Hitler and Himmler Inspect Troops

Hitler followed by Himmler Inspect Troops

Hitler made supreme judge of Reich and given powers to act independently of the law.

27th

RAF bombs Rostock for the fourth night, 70% of city destroyed and 100,000 are homeless.

1000 Jews deported to their deaths at Belzec and Sobibor from Theresienstadt in Czechoslovakia.

30th

4,432 Jews have died of starvation and typhoid in the Warsaw ghetto.

Renewed bombing in London kills 938, and 998 injured.

31st

 

SS General Frans Schlecker, commander in the Baltic states reports to Berlin he has killed 229,052 Jews.

__________________________________________________________

 

The purpose of these pages is to tell the story of Churchill's life - not to give a detailed account of the wars he was involved in, for that is a vast subject.

To obtain an idea of the cause and magnitude of the war, examine the monthly calendar for each year - they include many photographs.

It is important to remember that heavy censorship of news took place throughout them, and therefore knowledge of many of these events was not available until long after they happened - or until after the wars had ended.

1939.

1940.

January

February

March

April

1940.

May

June

July

August

1940.

September

October

November

December

1941.

January

February

March

April

1941.

May

June

July

August

1941.

September

October

November

December

1942.

January

February

March

April

1942.

May

June

July

August

1942.

September

October

November

December

1943.

January

February

March

April

1943.

May

June

July

August

1943.

September

October

November

December

1944.

January

February

March

April

1944.

May

June

July

August

1944.

September

October

November

December

1945.

January

February

March

April

1945,

May

June

July

August

CHURCHILL'S SPEECHES The Full Texts from 1936 to 1946.

Short biography of President Roosevelt
Short biography of General Eisenhower
Short biography of President Truman
Short biography of Hitler
Short biography of Stalin
Short biography of Mussolini
Short biography of The Japanese War Lords

List of all the Ranks in the British Armed Forces

British Prime Ministers

History of No 10 Downing Street.

 

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