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Eisenhower was the supreme commander of the Allied forces in western Europe during World War II.
He was born the third of seven sons of David Jacob and Ida Elizabeth (Stover) Eisenhower. His father worked in a creamery; the family was poor.
Dwight was nicknamed "Ike,"and enjoyed sports, and a bit careless about his school work. He went to the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. When he left he was commissioned a second lieutenant. He then met and married Mamie and they had two sons: one of whom died the other - John Sheldon Doud, was born in 1922.
During World War I, Eisenhower commanded a tank training centre, as a captain, received the Distinguished Service Medal and just before the war ended. From 1922 to 1924 under Brig. Gen. Fox Conner. With Conner's assistance, Eisenhower was selected to attend the army's command and general staff school at Ft. Leavenworth. Then a major, he graduated first in a class of 275 in 1926 and two years later graduated from the Army War College.
He then went to France to write a book of World War I battlefields. He then became an aide to army chief of staff Gen. Douglas MacArthur in 1933. Two years later he accompanied MacArthur to the Philippines and while there was awarded the Distinguished Service Star of the Philippines with the rank of lieutenant colonel. He returned to the United States in 1939 after the invasion of Poland . With the outbreak of war in Europe he was made chief of staff of the 3rd Army for his ability in training troops.
He was made a brigadier general in September 1941, and in 1942 General Marshall selected him over 366 senior officers to be commander of U.S. troops in Europe.
Eisenhower's rapid advancement, after a long army career spent in obscurity, was due to his knowledge of strategy and organization, his ability to persuade, to get on with people from all ranks and spheres of life He was given command of Operation Torch, the Allied invasion of French North Africa which was begun in early November 1942. Eisenhower then led the landings on Sicily and the Italian mainland, ending with the capitulation of the Italians.
In December 1943, he was appointed Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Forces and on June 6, 1944, he took a huge gamble during a short break in very bad weather and ordered 1,000,000 men in 3,500 ships to the invade France across the English Channel. They were many bitter fights before they arrived victorious in Paris. Eventually the Allies crossed the Rhineland forced Germany to surrender on May 7, 1945.
Eisenhower went on to be the president of the United States of America.
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